BraYn stands for “Brainstorming Research Assembly for Young Neuroscientists”, and is an initiative which aims to create a congress specifically intended for young researchers under the age of 40 working in the field of Neuroscience. The main goal of the BraYn initiative is to organize a scientific conference attracting different laboratories across Italy and Europe where young researchers, especially PhD students and junior postdocs, can share their knowledge, skills and ideas to establish new collaborations between different research groups. We believe that the BraYn conference will boost the number of connections between laboratories across Italy and Europe, this improving the chance for potential collaborations. At the same time, by hosting and involving neuroscientists from abroad, our goal is to make the BraYn conference a flagship event for young European researchers.
Neuroimaging consists in using various techniques to image the structure, function, or physiology of the nervous system. It is subdivided into two main approaches: Structural imaging, which deals with the structure of the nervous system and the diagnosis of a large-scale intracranial disease (like tumors, multiple sclerosis lesions, stroke) and injuries (like traumatic brain injury); Functional imaging, which is used to diagnose metabolic diseases (like Alzheimer) and for neurological and cognitive psychology research as well as building brain-computer interfaces. The most commonly used techniques for neuroimaging are Computed tomography (CT), Diffuse optical imaging (DOI), Event-related optical signal (EROS), Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), arterial spin labeling (ASL), Magnetoencephalography (MEG), electroencephalography (EEG), Positron emission tomography (PET), Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and cranial or functional ultrasound imaging. In this session, we will discuss the use of the mentioned techniques, both alone and in combination, to help in understanding and/or detecting various aspects of neurological diseases.